Convocatorias de Desigualdad | CALAS

Convocatorias de Desigualdad

América Latina se caracteriza por una alta desigualdad social. Esta desigualdad no solo se expresa en una pronunciada asimetría en la distribución, acceso y consumo de recursos materiales, sino que es profundamente más compleja por su multi-dimensionalidad y su inter-seccionalidad. Estas desigualdades sociales crean regularmente conflictos que, a menudo, conducen a profundas crisis políticas, sociales y ecológicas. Las ciencias sociales y humanidades tienen a su haber rigurosas herramientas teóricas y metodológicas con las que profundiza sobre las diferentes dimensiones y criterios de...
Natural resources have played a vital role in the history of Latin America and have molded the configuration and scale of social inequalities in the region. Since Colonization, the exploitation and exports of raw materials like silver, copper, soy and crude oil have shaped societies, political systems as well as the national economies of the continent. In this regard, the wealth of natural resources in Latin America, its significance for the world market and, most importantly, recurring resource revenues have stirred up hopes and expectations regarding economic development. As the example of...
Latin America is a showcase for a severe asymmetry in the distribution of income and wealth. Compared to other regions of the world, the concentration of land, income and property in Latin America is stagnating on a relatively high level. This constellation reflects a historically persistent, multidimensional and intersectional inequality. While acknowledging the role of pink tide governments, recently adopted social programs and policy initiatives – despite some local successes and regional variations – , have not fundamentally changed the structural characteristics of Latin American...
Está aberta a chamada, a ser realizada anualmente, para o Programa de Cátedras CALAS-IEAT, promovido pelo Centro Maria Sibylla Merian de Estudos Latino-americanos Avançados (CALAS) e pelo Instituto de Estudos Avançados Transdisciplinares (IEAT) da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). O programa é administrado pelo IEAT e patrocinado pelo CALAS. A Cátedra abarca uma estadia de três meses do pesquisador no IEAT. De acordo com o programa de pesquisa do CALAS, espera-se que os(as) candidatos(as) contribuam com o desenvolvimento de novos enfoques metodológicos e analíticos para compreender...
Compared to other world regions, Latin America is characterized by high levels of social inequality. Although past governments have tried to address this condition through different social policies, the highly unequal distribution of income and wealth has remained persistent. Some economic sectors such as finance, telecommunications, commerce and agro-industry are highly concentrated and dominated by a handful of corporations (grupos economicos). Similarly, and in the light of expanding agricultural frontiers, the ownership of land shows an increasingly unequal distribution. Lately, the Covid...
Latin America is the most unequal region in the world and mechanisms to regulate wealth and reduce inequity continue to failure. Historically, our societies have been characterized by regressive tax systems, states captured by financial elites, capital flight, and the embezzlement of public funds. Tax revenues in Latin America depend on consumption duties and the export of raw materials. By 2015, only 1.8% of GDP was generated from income tax, compared to 8.3% in OECD countries. In some nations of the region, accumulated wealth reaches 60% of GDP. This historical concentration of wealth,...
Enfoque temático: El impacto del Covid-19 sobre las desigualdades en América Latina La crisis ocasionada por el estallido de la pandemia del Covid 19 está llevando a una ruptura de magnitud histórica en todo el planeta. En América Latina, donde se propaga tardíamente ya se están observando diversos efectos en la sociedad, la política y la economía. No es sólo el virus altamente infeccioso el que mata. Se está imponiendo sobre estructuras marcadas por profundas fisuras de la desigualdad social, la miseria material de partes importantes de la población y la ausencia o total fragmentación de...
Call for research grants “Regulation and deregulation of wealth” Latin America’s history of high levels of persistent social inequality has been accompanied by social struggles and institutional efforts to regulate wealth, promote social rights and even intervene in questions of ownership. In spite of this, obstacles to citizens’ effective political participation as well as the difficulties states face in regulating capital, have curtailed the results of ambitious programs that had, in certain historical periods and regimes, promised to guarantee collective and social rights in the face of...