Roberto Briceño-León. He is a professor of sociology at the University of Venezuela Central and director of the Laboratory of Social Sciences, LACSO. Founder of the Venezuelan Observatory of Violence, OVV. In addition, he is a visiting professor at the Federal University of Ceara, Brazil. He has been a professor at the Sorbonne-Nouvelle University, Paris III, and the Autonomous University of Mexico. Fellow of Saint Antony's College, Oxford University, and the Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. He was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Sociological Association (1994-2002) and World Coordinator of the International Forum for Social Sciences and Health (1998-2003). He was a member of the Advisory Committee on Health Research (CAIS) of PAHO in Washington and several committees of Basic and Applied Research of WHO in Geneva. He has worked on projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
He has more than 200 articles and 26 books, among them, La Casa Enferma (1990); Violencia, Justicia y Sociedad (2002); Doenças Endêmicas: abordagens sociais, culturais e comportamentais (2002), Applying Health Social Science. Best Practice in Developing World (2001); Sociología de la Violencia en América Latina (2008); Delito Organizado y Democracia (2015); Ciudades de Vida y Muerte (2016). La Modernidad Mestiza ( 2018), y Los Nuevos Rostros de la Violencia (2019).
Publications (last 5 years)
2019. Los nuevos rostros de la violencia. Empobrecimiento y letalidad policial. Barcelona: Editorial Alfa. (con Alberto Camardiel y Gloria Perdomo)
2018. La modernidad mestiza. Estudios de sociología venezolana. Barcelona: Editorial Alfa
2016. Ciudades de vida y muerte. El pacto social y la ciudad para la contención de la violencia. Caracas: Editorial Alfa
2015. Delito organizado, mercados ilegales y democracia. Caracas: Editorial Alfa. (con Alberto Camardiel)
2015. Los efectos perversos del petróleo (tercera edición). Caracas: El Nacional
Articles in magazines and books:
2019. “Violence Against Indigenous Children and Adolescent in Venezuela”, IN CADERNOS DA SAUDE PUBLICA/PUBLIC HEALTH REPORTS. Rio de Janeiro: 35 Sup 3: e00084718. (con Gloria Perdomo)
2019. “The contribution of informal institucionality to safe cities in Venezuela”. En: REDUCING URBAN VIOLENCE IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH.TOWARDS SAFE AND INCLUSIVE CITIES. Jennifer Erin Salahub, Markus Gottsbacher y John de Boer, Maysaan D.Zaahoura. (ed), London: Routledge. Pp.155-174.
2019. “The Reversion of the Diffuse Religion and The Bolivarian Revolution In Venezuela”, En THE GLOBAL SOCIOLOGY OF ROBERTO CIPRIANI, a Constantino Cipolla e Claudio Tognato (ed). Milano, FrancoAngeli edizioni.
2018. “El impacto de la inseguridad en las condicones de vida. La urbanización, la educación y la pobreza (2014-2017)”. En ESPEJO DE LA CRISIS HUMANIARIA EN VENEZUELA. A. Freitez (ed) Caracas, ABEdiciones, Universidad Católica Andres Bello, pp.127-150. Con Alberto Camardiel.
2018. “Seguridad Ciudadana y Conviencia Social”. En EL RETO CON DIGNIDAD. F.J. Virtuoso y L. Mora Sánchez (ed). Caracas, ABEdiciones, Universidad Católica Andres Bello, pp.147-152
2018. “Urban Poverty and Institutions in Venezuela”. En SOCIAL THEORIES OF URBAN VIOLENCE IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH. TOWARDS SAFE AND INCLUSIVE CITIES, de Jennifer Erin Salahub, Markus Gottsbacher y John de Boer, 139-158. London: Routledge
2017. “¿Qué enseña el fracaso en la reducción de homicidios en Venezuela?”. Revista CICOB dÄfers Internacionals, Nº 116 pp.53-76
2017. “Entre Pandillas y Mafias. El Análisis Organizacional del Delito en Venezuela”. ANALOGÍAS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO, Nº 14, pp.34-49, 2017. http://revistasenlinea.saber.ucab.edu.ve/temas/index.php/analogias/artic...
2016. “Indigenous and tribal peoples' health (The Lancet–Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration): a population study”. THE LANCET. Published online first 20 April 2016 (con Ian Anderson et al). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00345-7.
2016. “Quiebre del Pacto Social y Vulnerabilidad en Venezuela”. En VULNERABILIDAD Y VIOLENCIA EN AMERICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE. Markus Gottbaher y John de Boer (editores). Mexico, Siglo XXI Editores, 2016. pp. 196-223
2015. “Caracas: from heaven´s branch to urban hell”. En: VIOLENCE AND RESILIENCE IN LATIN AMERICAN CITIES , edited by Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt. London, Zed Books, 2015. pp.53-72
Research as holder of the CALAS Brazil chair:
Title: The perverse effects of the agreements between organized crime and governments on Citizenship security and Peace
Abstract: In recent years there has been an increase in criminal groups who have increased their capacity to act and their territorial control, establishing as symbolic entities that manage to control a territory and establish a singular domain there. This increase in the power of criminal groups has led several governments to establish agreements with these armed groups, giving up part of their functions as a State. The consequences of the agreements have been diverse since, in some cases, they have made it possible to reduce homicides, but not criminality, which, on the contrary, has been reinforced.
The project proposes:
a- To know the different modalities of territorial control of organized crime allowed by the agreements that have been established in Latin America in the last two decades;
b- Compare the different types of relationship established between the state and organized crime in those formal or informal agreements, and
c- Establish intended and unintended consequences that such agreements have in peace, individual freedom, and democracy
In the project, they will be worked with the technique of multiple case studies and will be worked with four experiences from Latin America,
I- the agreements of the Colombian government with the FARC;
II- the agreements between the authorities and the gangs in El Salvador;
III- The agreements of the Venezuelan government for the creation of the Zones of Peace; and
IV- the experiences of territorial control of the facções in different areas of Brazil.
The different organizational forms that criminal groups adopt and their modalities of domination of the territory will be analyzed; the forms adopted by the relationship between Organized Crime and governments; and the consequences of these agreements on individual rights, freedom and democracy from the institutional perspective.